Design and Construction



Other Resources


Trail Design and Construction

Tips For Using Crusher Fines Surfacing For Trails

3 Essential Trail Building Techniques

National Trails Training Partnership

Recreation Forest Trails NCSU Forestry Extension – a multi-media technical assistance bulletin.

How to Build a Paddle Trail In Your Community

Professional Trailbuilders Association-Trail Planning, Design, Construction and Maintenance

US Department of Transportation Trail Construction and Maintenance Notebook– Produced in cooperation with the National Recreational Trails Program.

Accessible Trail Layout and Construction – From the National Center on Accessibility: includes surfacing requirements, maintenance, ADAAG links and surfacing manufacturers.

International Mountain Bicycling Association– Construction, maintenance and advocacy for mountain bike trails


Tread Lightly — Nonprofit organization with mission to “empower generations to enjoy the outdoors responsibly through education and stewardship”.

Leave No Trace – Center for Outdoor Ethics International nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting responsible outdoor recreation through education, research and partnerships.


Case Studies Of Water Trail Impacts On Rural Communities

Other Resources

NC Division of Parks and Recreation – State Trails Program

Contact information for Regional Trail Specialist, grant programs and maps for paddle trails and the NC Mountains to Sea Trail.

North Carolina Coastal Plain Paddle Trails

includes maps, regulations, safety times and difficulty ratings

North Carolina DOT Division of Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety

Maps, safety, laws & policy and funding resources.

Triangle Rails to Trails Conservancy

Nonprofit organization with purpose to work with local and state government officials to preserve abandoned railroad corridors for future transportation and recreational trails.

American Tobacco Trail

Multi-use and multi-jurisdictional recreational rail trail through Wake, Durham and Chatham counties in NC.

North Carolina Mountain Bike Contacts

Links for Clubs, Dealers, Patrols from IMBA

National Trails System
Map and information on the National Trails System including National Recreation Trails, National Scenic and Historic Trails and the Partnership for the National Trails System

Rails to Trails Conservancy

National website for nonprofit organization creating a nationwide network of trails from former reail lines and connecting corridors to build healthier places for healthier people.

The East Coast Greenway
Linking cities from Maine to Florida.

Appalachian National Scenic Trail

Appalachian Trail Conservancy
Volunteer-based private, nonprofit organization dedicated to conservation of the 2,175-mile Appalachian National Scenic Trail

American Hiking Society
Trail conservation & policy, articles and fact sheets on trail ecology, safety, economic benefits and funding resources.

Equestrian Land Conservation Resource
Dedicated to promoting access and conservation of land for equestrian use.

Horse and Mule Trails
Links for trails, campgrounds, trail rides and overnight hosts: listed by state with links to local resources.