Types of Planning Documents
There are many types of planning documents used for parks and recreation. Below are a few of the types with a basic description of its content. Plans will vary by jurisdiction as needs vary based on local differences such as population, economics or even the existing park system.
Comprehensive: Known as a system-wide plan, the plan can be focused on the entire park system, a greenway or trail system or open space inventory.
Physical Plans: May include a site specific master plan for one particular park, a facility plan for a specific function such as trail layout or a recreation center design.
Action Plans: Document that outlines steps to move forward. May be called another name or focus on a specific area as in strategic, management, service or safety plans.
Capital Improvement Plan (CIP): Varies by local government, but sometimes called a capital improvement program or capital outlay plan. CIP typically outlines both short and long-range physical development needs. CIP works as a link between a local government’s comprehensive plan and fiscal plan, functioning as a tool for: Estimating capital requirements; Planning, prioritizing, scheduling and implementing projects in the near future (6-10 years for example); Developing revenue policy; Budgeting high priority projects to meet needs; Inter-departmental or inter-fund coordination between departments or partners; Informing the public of planned improvements.
The CIP lists all capital expenditures that a local government has approved and scheduled for in the near future.
Related Planning Document Components:
- Survey of Recreation Needs: Sometimes called a needs assessment. The survey component implies public input and involvement.
- Park Inventory & Assessment: This document fully describes an inventory of park facilities or open space (property) and assesses the condition or status of the inventory through evaluation. The results help determine future demands for maintenance, replacement and adequacy of existing facilities to meet current and future needs.
- Level of Service (LOS) Standards: Current (best) practice in determining park standards based on assessment of community needs. This method recognizes that every community has different levels of needs; therefore standards are individualized for local conditions. LOS examines minimum acceptable facilities for every community, determining land requirements for various types of park facilities and spatial analysis of recreational needs system wide.
For more information on developing a LOS for your community visit the NRPA website to purchase the text: Park, Recreation, Open Space and Greenway Guidelines, by Mertes and Hall.
- Other Assessments: Some communities have completed assessments for specific information such as meeting requirements of ADDAG. Many older parks and/or facilities should go through an assessment, or evaluation to determine if facilities meet today’s building code and ADA access requirements.
This section contains various types of planning documents for you to use as an example when preparing similar documents for your agency. These documents were not selected as “models” or “best practices”. The user must evaluate each to determine whether it is useful, appropriate or legal for the user’s particular need. These documents were not created or reviewed by RRS. The content and links on this page are provided as an example only. RRS accepts no responsibility in nor make any representation about the content of listed documents.
Local Government Documents
- North Carolina Local Government Document Warehouse (UNC School of Government): Variety of documents developed by local governments and submitted to the School of Government to share examples with other local governments. Search for “recreation” to locate specific examples: http://nclgdocs.unc.edu/
Park and Recreation Plans
- Town of Kernersville: Parks and Recreation Comprhensive Systemwide Plan (PDF)
- City of Kannapolis: Parks and Recreation Site Master Plan (PDF)
(Online access to other websites)
- City of Durham: (in the update process! stay tuned)
- Town of Cary Parks, Recreation and Cultural Resources: Facilities Master Plan and related plans / Feasibility studies: http://www.townofcary.org/Departments/Parks__Recreation___Cultural_Resources/Projects.htm
- Macon County Park and Recreation Master Plan:
- Wake County Consolidated Open SpacePlan: http://www.wakegov.com/parks/openspace/Pages/Plan.aspx
- Town of Wake Forest Park and Recreation Master Plan – 2005: http://www.wakeforestnc.gov/parks-recreation-master-plan.aspx
Request for Proposals (RFP) / Request for Qualifications (RFQ)
Comprehensive Planning Documents
- Comprehensive Facilities Master Plan RFP, Town of Cary
- Comprehensive Master Plan RFQ, Rocky Mount
- Comprehensive Parks, Recreation, Greenways and Open Space Master Plan RFP, City of Monroe
- Comprehensive Parks, Recreation, Greenways and Open Space Plan RFP, Town of Blowing Rock
Site Specific Park Plan
- Architectural and Engineering Services, County (example needed)
Planting / Landscape:
- Tree Installation
- Landscape Architectural Services (example needed)
Public Input Surveys – Examples Needed
Large Population Community
Small Population / Rural community
Thank you to the agencies sharing example documents. If you have a good example you would like to share, please let us know.
Contact Charlynne Smith: firstname.lastname@example.org
Other Resource Links
- Construction WebLinks: links for anything related to construction. Includes state by state guide with links to agencies. http://www.constructionweblinks.com
- NC Public Schools Planning and Design Clearinghouse: provides school related design information including playgrounds. Also provides links for construction costs, feasibility checklists, state contracts information and Child Care Facility rules. http://www.schoolclearinghouse.org/